. .

 

RING Performance Indicator Reference Sheet - 41

IR2b: Increased adoption of positive hygiene and sanitation behaviors in households

(41) INDICATOR TITLE: HL.8.2-5: Percentage of households with soap and water at a handwashing station commonly used by family members

Is this a Performance Plan and Report indicator?  No ___    Yes ____, for Reporting Year(s) _________

If yes, link to foreign assistance framework: -- Primary SPS Linkage-- HL.8.2

DESCRIPTION

PRECISE DEFINITION(S):  A handwashing station is a location where family members go to wash their hands. In some instances, these are fixed locations where handwashing devices are built in and are permanently placed. But they may also be movable devices that may be placed in a convenient spot for family members to use. The measurement takes place via observation by an enumerator during the household visit.  The enumerator must see the soap and water at this station. The soap may be in bar, powder, or liquid form. Shampoo will be considered liquid soap. The cleansing product must be at the handwashing station or reachable by hand when standing in front of it.

 

A “commonly used” handwashing station, including water and soap, is one that can be readily observed by the enumerator during the household visit, and where study participants indicate that family members generally wash their hands.

 

Numerator: Number of households where both water and soap are found at the commonly used handwashing station.

 

Denominator: Total number of households. 

 

Limitations:

The measurement of handwashing is difficult and should preferably be conducted by objective measures that do not rely on self-reports. The presence of a handwashing station does not guarantee use. However, this indicator has been shown to be linked with actual handwashing behavior and as such, is a useful proxy.

UNIT OF MEASURE:  Percent

DISAGGREGATED BY:  Residence (Rural, Urban)

TYPE: Outcome

DIRECTION OF CHANGE: High is better

Use of Indicator: Useful for program management, funding allocations and tracking.

Bureau Owner(s): Agency: USAID Bureau and Office: E3/Water and GH/MCH/EH

POC: waterteam@usaid.gov

(Linkage to Long-Term Outcome or Impact) RATIONALE: A clear link can be made between handwashing with soap among child caretakers at critical junctures and the reduction of diarrheal disease among children under five, one of the two major causes of child morbidity and mortality in developing countries.  The critical junctures in question include handwashing with soap after the risk of fecal contact (after defecation and after cleaning a child’s bottom) and before handling food (before preparing food, eating, or feeding a child).

PLAN FOR DATA COLLECTION BY RING

DATA SOURCE: Household Survey

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION AND CONSTRUCTION: 

  • LEVEL OF COLLECTION:  Activity level; those affected by scope of USG activity (Households)
  • HOW SHOULD IT BE COLLECTED: Household Survey
  • FREQUENCY OF COLLECTION: Annual basis, depending on the specifications in the contract or grant agreement.
  • WHO COLLECTS DATA FOR THIS INDICATOR: By RING or External M&E Firm

DATA QUALITY ISSUES

Dates of Previous Data Quality Assessments  and name of reviewer: 

Date of Future Data Quality Assessments (optional): 

Known Data Limitations:

TARGETS AND BASELINE

Baseline timeframe (optional):  

Rationale for Targets (optional): 

CHANGES TO INDICATOR

Changes to indicator: 

Other Notes (optional):

THIS SHEET LAST UPDATED ON: 

 

 

RING Performance Indicator Reference Sheet - 42

IR2b: Increased adoption of positive hygiene and sanitation behaviors in households

(42) INDICATOR TITLE: HL.8.2-6: Percentage of households in target areas practicing correct use of recommended household water treatment technologies

Is this a Performance Plan and Report indicator?  No ___   Yes ____, for Reporting Year(s) _________

If yes, link to foreign assistance framework:-- Primary SPS Linkage-- HL.8.2

DESCRIPTION

PRECISE DEFINITION(S):  Households will be counted for this indicator if they are correctly practicing at least one form of evidence-based household water treatment (HWT). HWT is also known as point of use, or POU, treatment, and comprises all methods with a peer-reviewed evidence base shown to  improve the microbiological quality of the water to WHO standards of <1 CFU fecal coliforms/100 ml sample. 

 

Specific HWT technologies that are considered for this indicator include (alone or in combination to reach <1 CFU/100 ml):

   - Chlorination (chemical disinfection)

   - Flocculant/Disinfectant (physio-chemical disinfection)

   - Filtration (physical removal)

   - Solar disinfection (UV/heat disinfection)

   - Boiling (disinfection via heat).

 

Correct practice of an HWT technology does not count towards indicators 8.1-1  (Number of people gaining access to a basic drinking water source), or 8.1-3 (Number of people receiving improved service quality from an existing basic  or safely managed drinking water service).  This indicator is focused on improving the quality of existing drinking water.

 

Limitations

HWT is not universally effectively against all classes of waterborne pathogens (e.g. free chlorination is ineffective against Cryptosporidium), and requires substantial education and behavior change to ensure correct and consistent use. 

UNIT OF MEASURE: Percent

DISAGGREGATED BY:  Technology type (CT+, Filter+, SODIS+, BOIL+) Residence (Rural, Urban)

Wealth Quintile

TYPE: Outcome

DIRECTION OF CHANGE: High is better

Use of Indicator: Useful for program management, program performance evaluations, funding allocations and tracking.

Bureau Owner(s): Agency: USAID Bureau and Office: E3/Water and GH/MCH/EH

POC: waterteam@usaid.gov

(Linkage to Long-Term Outcome or Impact) RATIONALE: The World Health Organization (WHO) argues that HWT “may play an important role in protecting public health where existing water sources… are untreated, are not treated properly or become contaminated during distribution or storage” (UNICEF & WHO, 2009).  The organization estimates that “low cost interventions for household-based treatment of drinking water and safe storage can significantly reduce the pathogen load in drinking water and . . . reduce the risk of diarrheal disease.” In 2009, UNICEF and WHO adopted a comprehensive strategy for effective diarrhea control that includes household water treatment and safe storage as proven interventions to reduce child mortality.

 

WHO advises that HWT technologies be considered ‘interim’ solutions to reduce the disease burden owed to poor water quality. Among all HWT technologies, reductions in diarrheal disease owed to HWT intervention studies are often in the range of 15-50% (Clasen et al., 2007). HWT should serve as a temporary disease prevention measure until more efficacious household or community water treatment technologies can be put in place, along with a sustainable business model.  

PLAN FOR DATA COLLECTION BY RING

DATA SOURCE: Household Survey

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION AND CONSTRUCTION: 

  • LEVEL OF COLLECTION:  Activity level; those affected by scope of USG activity (Households)
  • HOW SHOULD IT BE COLLECTED: Household Survey
  • FREQUENCY OF COLLECTION: Annual basis, depending on the specifications in the contract or grant agreement.
  • WHO COLLECTS DATA FOR THIS INDICATOR: By RING or External M&E Firm

DATA QUALITY ISSUES

Dates of Previous Data Quality Assessments  and name of reviewer: 

Date of Future Data Quality Assessments (optional): 

Known Data Limitations:

TARGETS AND BASELINE

Baseline timeframe (optional):  

Rationale for Targets (optional): 

CHANGES TO INDICATOR

Changes to indicator: 

Other Notes (optional):

THIS SHEET LAST UPDATED ON: 

 

 

RING  Performance Indicator Reference Sheet - 43

IR2b: Increased adoption of positive hygiene and sanitation behaviors in households

(43) INDICATOR TITLE:  HL.8.3-1 Number of people educated on tools, approaches, and/or methods for water security, integrated water resource management, and/or water source protection as a result of USG assistance

Is this a Performance Plan and Report indicator?  No ___    Yes ____, for Reporting Year(s) _________

If yes, link to foreign assistance framework:-- Primary SPS Linkage-- HL.8.3

DESCRIPTION

PRECISE DEFINITION(S):  This indicator uses the number of people who fully participate in educational events specifically designed to increase participant capacity to assess, plan for, and/or address water and sanitation challenges. This indicator counts education that was delivered in full or in part as a result of USG assistance. This assistance could include provision of funds to pay teachers, providing hosting facilities, transportation, specialized equipment/supplies, or other key contributions necessary to ensure education took place.

 

Definitions:

 

Educated: Education is defined as a variety of methods from online learning to discussion groups or trainings where there was a transfer of key knowledge, skills or aptitudes. Education examples include long-term academic programs, long-term or short-term technical courses, non-academic seminars, workshops, verifiable online courses, courses in the field, or informative or educational interactive meetings with a learning objective such as working through a water action planning process.

 

Tools, approaches, and/or methods (both planning and implementation) are focused on ways that maintain the long-term viability and preserve the potential of water resources to meet the needs of present and future generations.  

 

Water security refers to safeguarding sustainable access to adequate levels of acceptable water quality to support human and ecosystem populations while reducing risks from floods and droughts.

 

Integrated Water Resource Management is a process which promotes the management and coordinated development of water, land, and other related resources to sustain ecosystems while maximizing social and economic welfare.

 

Water source protection refers to measures taken to ensure the hygienic safety of water for human consumption and other designated uses.

UNIT OF MEASURE:  Number

DISAGGREGATED BY:  Sex (Female, Male)

TYPE: Output

DIRECTION OF CHANGE: High is better

Use of Indicator: Indicators like this one account for the expenditure of USG funds to build country capacity.  Information will also be used by the State Department and USAID to monitor performance, decide budget allocations, and report to key stakeholders.

Bureau Owner(s): USAID, E3/W, waterteam@usaid.gov; State (OES/ECW) Kathryn Pharr, PharrK@state.gov

(Linkage to Long-Term Outcome or Impact )RATIONALE: This indicator provides information about the reach and scale of education and capacity building efforts. Such educational activities strengthen agency and in-country capacity as well as promote strategic partnerships.

PLAN FOR DATA COLLECTION BY RING

DATA SOURCE: MMDAs program reports on training

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION AND CONSTRUCTION: 

  • LEVEL OF COLLECTION:  Activity Level; those affected by scope of USG activity (People)
  • HOW SHOULD IT BE COLLECTED: Count the number of individual trained on WSMT through USG assistance during the reporting year? 
  • FREQUENCY OF COLLECTION: Annual
  • WHO COLLECTS DATA FOR THIS INDICATOR: MMDAs staff reviewed by RING officers

DATA QUALITY ISSUES

Dates of Previous Data Quality Assessments  and name of reviewer: 

Date of Future Data Quality Assessments (optional): 

Known Data Limitations:

TARGETS AND BASELINE

Baseline timeframe (optional):  

Rationale for Targets (optional): 

CHANGES TO INDICATOR

Changes to indicator: 

Other Notes (optional):

THIS SHEET LAST UPDATED ON: 

 

 

RING Performance Indicator Reference Sheet - 44

IR2b: Increased adoption of positive hygiene and sanitation behaviors in households

(44) INDICATOR TITLE:  3.1.8.1-2: Number of people in target areas with first-time access to improved drinking water supply as a result of USG assistance

Is this a Performance Plan and Report indicator?  No ___    Yes ____, for Reporting Year(s) _________

If yes, link to foreign assistance framework:

DESCRIPTION

PRECISE DEFINITION(S):  Persons are counted as "gaining access" to an improved drinking water source if two conditions are met.

 

One, if the source is either newly established  or rehabilitated from a non-functional state within the reporting fiscal year as a result of USG assistance,  and these persons did not previously have similar "access" to an improved drinking water source prior to the establishment or rehabilitation of the USG-supported improved source.

 

And two, if the "time to collect" water from this source, i.e. the time it takes  going to the water source from their dwelling, waiting, collecting water and returning home, does not exceed 30 minutes.  Given this definition, the number of people considered to have "gained access" to an improved source will be limited by the physical distance to the source from beneficiaries' dwellings, the amount of time typically spent queuing at the source, and the production capacity of the source.

 

Estimates of the number of persons gaining access to a particular improved source are further limited by the minimum amount of water that this source will plausibly produce in a typical year.  Specifically, the improved source must be able to consistently produce 20 liters per day for each person counted as "gaining access."

This amount is considered the daily minimum required to effectively meet a person's drinking, sanitation, and hygiene needs.

 

"Improved" drinking water sources are further defined by the quality of the water they

UNIT OF MEASURE:  Number

DISAGGREGATED BY:  None

TYPE: Outcome

DIRECTION OF CHANGE: High is better

Use of Indicator: Useful for program management and funding allocations

(Linkage to Long- Term Outcome or Impact) RATIONALE: Use of an "improved" drinking water source, as defined, is strongly linked to decreases in the incidence of waterborne disease especially among children under age five. Diarrhea remains the second leading cause of child deaths worldwide.  While not guaranteeing "use" of the improved drinking water source, this indicator measures progress in making high quality drinking water available/ "accessible" in a manner that typically leads to use of the improved source

PLAN FOR DATA COLLECTION BY RING

DATA SOURCE: MMDAs activity report

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION AND CONSTRUCTION: 

  • LEVEL OF COLLECTION:  Activity Level; those affected by scope of USG activity (People)
  • HOW SHOULD IT BE COLLECTED: Upon completion of construction or rehabilitation of a basic water service, data must be collected by MMDAs staff, implementing partners?
  • FREQUENCY OF COLLECTION: Annual: Annual
  • WHO COLLECTS DATA FOR THIS INDICATOR: MMDAs staff reviewed RING by team

DATA QUALITY ISSUES

Dates of Previous Data Quality Assessments  and name of reviewer: 

Date of Future Data Quality Assessments (optional): 

Known Data Limitations:

TARGETS AND BASELINE

Baseline timeframe (optional):  

Rationale for Targets (optional): 

CHANGES TO INDICATOR

Changes to indicator: 

Other Notes (optional):

THIS SHEET LAST UPDATED ON: 

 

 

 

RING Performance Indicator Reference Sheet - 45

IR 2b: Increased adoption of hygiene and sanitation behaviors in target households and their communities

(45) INDICATOR TITLE:  3.1.8.1-2: Percent of respondents who know any 3 critical times of hand washing

( USAID/OFDA, HP1;  OFDA indicator uses number whereas this is a percentage)

Is this a Performance Plan and Report indicator?  No ___    Yes ____, for Reporting Year(s) _________

If yes, link to foreign assistance framework:

DESCRIPTION

PRECISE DEFINITION(S):  This indicator represents the proportion of interviewed persons who, during a household survey, can identify 3 of the 5 critical times for washing hands.  The 5 Critical Times are defined as:

  1. After defecation
  2. Before Eating
  3. After changing diapers/wiping babies
  4. Before Food preparation
  5. Before feeding infant

UNIT OF MEASURE:  Percentage

Numerator is number of people in sample positively identifying (unprompted by enumerator) any 3 of 5 critical times. Denominator is total number of people sampled

DISAGGREGATED BY:  Location: MMDAs

Gendered Household type: Adult Female no  Adult Male (FNM), Adult Male no Adult  Female (MNF), Male and Female Adults

(M&F), Child No Adults (CNA)

TYPE: Outcome

DIRECTION OF CHANGE: Higher is Better

RATIONALE:  Use of an improved sanitation facility by households is strongly linked to decreases in the incidence of waterborne disease among household members, especially among children under age five.  Diarrhea remains the second leading cause of child deaths worldwide.

PLAN FOR DATA COLLECTION BY RING

DATA SOURCE: Household Survey

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION AND CONSTRUCTION: 

  • LEVEL OF COLLECTION:  Activity level; those affected by scope of USG activity (Households)
  • HOW SHOULD IT BE COLLECTED: Household Survey
  • FREQUENCY OF COLLECTION: Baseline and End Line by external firm
  • WHO COLLECTS DATA FOR THIS INDICATOR:  External M&E Firm

DATA QUALITY ISSUES

Dates of Previous Data Quality Assessments  and name of reviewer: 

Date of Future Data Quality Assessments (optional): 

Known Data Limitations:

TARGETS AND BASELINE

Baseline timeframe (optional):   

Rationale for Targets (optional): 

CHANGES TO INDICATOR

Changes to indicator: 

Other Notes (optional):

THIS SHEET LAST UPDATED ON: 

 

 

RING Performance Indicator Reference Sheet - 46

IR 2b: Increased adoption of hygiene and sanitation behaviors in target households and their communities

(46)  INDICATOR TITLE: 1.2.2.1 Number of hand washing stations installed in commonly used public spaces

 

Is this a Performance Plan and Report indicator?  No ___    Yes ____, for Reporting Year(s) _________

If yes, link to foreign assistance framework:

DESCRIPTION

PRECISE DEFINITION(S):  This indicator measures the total number of shared hand washing stations installed in target communities in publicly accessible areas.

UNIT OF MEASURE:  Number

DISAGGREGATE BY: Location: MMDAs on functional and dysfunctional

TYPE:  Output

DIRECTION OF CHANGE: Higher is Better

RATIONALE:

Use of an improved sanitation facility by households is strongly linked to decreases in the incidence of waterborne disease among household members, especially among children under age five.  Diarrhea remains the second leading cause of child deaths worldwide.

PLAN FOR DATA COLLECTION BY RING

DATA SOURCE: District records / program files

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION AND CONSTRUCTION: 

  • LEVEL OF COLLECTION:  Activity level; those affected by scope of USG activity (households)
  • HOW SHOULD IT BE COLLECTED: Confirmation monitoring visits that station is installed and functioning or dysfunction
  • FREQUENCY OF COLLECTION; ongoing, reported quarterly
  • WHO COLLECTS DATA FOR THIS INDICATOR:  MMDAs staff, follow up by RING staff

DATA QUALITY ISSUES

Dates of Previous Data Quality Assessments  and name of reviewer: 

 

Date of Future Data Quality Assessments (optional): 

Known Data Limitations:

TARGETS AND BASELINE

Baseline timeframe (optional):  

Rationale for Targets (optional): 

CHANGES TO INDICATOR

Changes to indicator: 

Other Notes (optional):

THIS SHEET LAST UPDATED ON:  7-08-2016

 

 

RING  Performance Indicator Reference Sheet - 47

IR 2b: Increased adoption of hygiene and sanitation behaviors in target households and their communities

(47) INDICATOR TITLE: 1.2.2.2 Percentage of RING communities certified as Open Defecation Free (ODF)

Is this a Performance Plan and Report indicator?  No ___    Yes ____, for Reporting Year(s) _________

If yes, link to foreign assistance framework:

DESCRIPTION

PRECISE DEFINITION(S):  This indicator represents the proportion of RING communities reached that have completed the necessary steps to achieve open defecation free (ODF) status. The certification of status comes from the Regional Environmental Health Directorate after the community has been declared ODF by Regional Environmental Health Directorate/independent verifiers.

UNIT OF MEASURE:  Percentage

Numerator: Total number of certified ODF communities

Denominator: Total number of RING communities reached

DISAGGREGATED BY:  Location: MMDAs

TYPE: Outcome

DIRECTION OF CHANGE: Higher is Better

RATIONALE: Use of an improved sanitation facility by households is strongly linked to decreases in the incidence of waterborne disease among household members, especially among children under age five. Diarrhea remains the second leading cause of child deaths worldwide.

PLAN FOR DATA COLLECTION BY RING

DATA SOURCE: Regional Certification Records /District records / program files

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION AND CONSTRUCTION: 

  • LEVEL OF COLLECTION:  Activity level; those affected by scope of USG activity (households)
  • HOW SHOULD IT BE COLLECTED: Review of district reports and crosschecked by site visit
  • FREQUENCY OF COLLECTION: ongoing reported quarterly
  • WHO COLLECTS DATA FOR THIS INDICATOR:  RING staff collects reports from regional offices responsible for confirming ODF status

DATA QUALITY ISSUES

Dates of Previous Data Quality Assessments  and name of reviewer: 

Date of Future Data Quality Assessments (optional): 

Known Data Limitations:

TARGETS AND BASELINE

Baseline timeframe (optional):   

Rationale for Targets (optional): 

CHANGES TO INDICATOR

Changes to indicator: 

Other Notes (optional):

THIS SHEET LAST UPDATED ON:  28-09-2016

 

 

RING Performance Indicator Reference Sheet - 48

IR2b: Increased adoption of positive hygiene and sanitation behaviors in households

(48) INDICATOR TITLE: 1.2.2.4: Number of area mechanics, pump care takers and latrine artisans trained as a result of USG assistance (custom indicator)

Is this a Performance Plan and Report indicator?  No ___    Yes ____, for Reporting Year(s) _________

If yes, link to foreign assistance framework:

DESCRIPTION

PRECISE DEFINITION(S): This indicator measures the number of individuals who have received a minimum of 2 days training in borehole maintenance or 10 days training in latrine construction through USG Assistance during the reporting year. In the following areas:

  • Basic entrepreneurship  skills (Business development and Financial Management)
  • Water Sanitation and Hygiene best practices around the water point and in homes
  • Components of the various types of hand pumps (Afridev, NIRA, and Indian Mark II, etc.)
  • Below and above ground repairs of the various types of hand pumps; Individual are counted once regardless of the number of multiple trainings they received.
  • Groups formation and management skills
  • Community Total Sanitation (CTLs)
  • Basic Latrine construction (Latrine pit excavation and stabilization of latrine walls, pit lining and  molding of slabs, super structure construction etc)
  • Networking and social marketing   

For this indicator, participants are counted once regardless of whether the same person received multiple training. Counting individuals multiple times is not acceptable for this indicator.

UNIT OF MEASURE: Number (people)

DISAGGREGATED BY: Sex: Male, Female

TYPE: Output

DIRECTION OF CHANGE: High is better

RATIONALE: To provide local level capacity for effective operation and maintenance of water facilities and sustainability of water service delivery.

PLAN FOR DATA COLLECTION BY RING

DATA SOURCE: MMDAs program reports on training

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION AND CONSTRUCTION: 

  • LEVEL OF COLLECTION:  Activity Level; those affected by scope of USG activity (People)
  • HOW SHOULD IT BE COLLECTED: Count the number of individual trained on area mechanics, pump care takers and Latrine Artisan through USG assistance during the reporting year? 
  • FREQUENCY OF COLLECTION: Annually  
  • WHO COLLECTS DATA FOR THIS INDICATOR: MMDAs staff reviewed by RING team

DATA QUALITY ISSUES

Dates of Previous Data Quality Assessments  and name of reviewer: 

Date of Future Data Quality Assessments (optional): 

Known Data Limitations:

TARGETS AND BASELINE

Baseline timeframe (optional):   

Rationale for Targets (optional): 

CHANGES TO INDICATOR

Changes to indicator: 

Other Notes (optional):

THIS SHEET LAST UPDATED ON:  10-11-2016

 

 

 

 

RING Performance Indicator Reference Sheet - 49

IR2b: Increased adoption of positive hygiene and sanitation behaviors in households

 

(49) INDICATOR TITLE: 1.2.2.5: Number of an improved water sources repaired for beneficiary communities through USG support (custom indicator).

Is this a Performance Plan and Report indicator?  No ___    Yes ____, for Reporting Year(s) _________

If yes, link to foreign assistance framework:

DESCRIPTION

PRECISE DEFINITION(S): This indicator represent number of improved water sources repaired for beneficiary communities through USG assistance during the reporting year. An improved water source refers to:

  • Piped water into dwelling, also called a household connection, is defined as a water service pipe connected with in-house plumbing to one or more taps (e.g. in the kitchen and bathroom). 
  • Piped water to yard/plot, also called a yard connection, is defined as a piped water connection to a tap placed in the yard or plot outside the house. 
  • Public tap or standpipe is a public water point from which people can collect water. A standpipe is also known as a public fountain or public tap. Public standpipes can have one or more taps and are typically made of brickwork, masonry or concrete.
  • Tube well or borehole is a deep hole that has been driven, bored or drilled, with the purpose of reaching groundwater supplies. Boreholes/tube wells are constructed with casing, or pipes, which prevent the small diameter hole from caving in and protects the water source from infix alteration by run-off water. Water is delivered from a tube well or borehole through a pump, which may be powered by human, animal, wind, electric, diesel or solar means. Boreholes/tube wells are usually protected by a platform around the well, which leads spilled water away from the borehole and prevents infiltration of run-off water at the well head.
  • Protected dug well is a dug well that is protected from runoff water by a well lining or casing that is raised above ground level and a platform that diverts spilled water away from the well. A protected dug well is also covered, so that bird droppings and animals cannot fall into the well.
  • Protected spring. The spring is typically protected from runoff, bird droppings and animals by a "spring box", which is constructed of brick, masonry, or concrete and is built around the spring so that water flows directly out of the box into a pipe or cistern, without being exposed to outside pollution.
  • Rainwater refers to rain that is collected or harvested from surfaces (by roof or ground catchment) and stored in a container, tank or cistern until used.
  • Repairs refer to maintenance works carried on a borehole which range from change of parts to a complete installation of hand pump. This also includes minor works on concrete platforms and the animal watering area.

 

For boreholes repairs to be carry-out the following assignments must precede the process:

  • Water point mapping to identify which boreholes are broken down
  • Sensitize the beneficiary community on the intended activity
  • Conduct comprehensive assessment  using a qualified Area Mechanic and submit a report
  • RING WASH Officer conducts a validation exercise for the assessed boreholes and submit a report
  • Procurement by the district
  • Repairs/Rehabilitation conducted

Facilities are counted once regardless of the number of repairs work on it during the reporting year.

UNIT OF MEASURE: Number

 

DISAGGREGATED BY: Location (district) functioning and dysfunction

 

TYPE : Output

 

DIRECTION OF CHANGE: High is better

 

RATIONALE: Use of an improved drinking water source as defined is strongly linked to decreases in the incidence of waterborne disease especially among children under five.  Diarrhea remains the second leading cause of child deaths worldwide.

Effective and sustainable management of repaired water helps continuous source of safe water to vulnerable communities.

 

PLAN FOR DATA COLLECTION BY RING

DATA SOURCE: MMDAs activity report

 

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION AND CONSTRUCTION: 

  • LEVEL OF COLLECTION:  Activity Level; those affected by scope of USG activity (People)

 

  • HOW SHOULD IT BE COLLECTED: Count the number of water source repaired through USG assistance during the reporting year. 

 

  • FREQUENCY OF COLLECTION: Annually

 

  • WHO COLLECTS DATA FOR THIS INDICATOR: MMDAs staff reviewed RING by team

DATA QUALITY ISSUES

Dates of Previous Data Quality Assessments  and name of reviewer: 

 

Date of Future Data Quality Assessments (optional): 

 

Known Data Limitations:

TARGETS AND BASELINE

Baseline timeframe (optional): 

 

Rationale for Targets (optional): 

CHANGES TO INDICATOR

Changes to indicator: 

Other Notes (optional):

THIS SHEET LAST UPDATED ON: 

 

 

 

RING Performance Indicator Reference Sheet - 50

IR 2a:  Increased adoption of positive nutrition behaviors among target households

(50) INDICATOR TITLE:  1.3.1: Percent of households reporting improvements in nutrition and livelihood services from local government

Is this a Performance Plan and Report indicator?  No ___    Yes ____, for Reporting Year(s) _________

If yes, link to foreign assistance framework:

DESCRIPTION

PRECISE DEFINITION(S):  This indicator measures the status of livelihood and nutrition services from the MMDA This will be determined by calculating the number of households from a sample who respond favorably to questions about service/projects from MMDAs. If the respondent household replies positively to a majority of services they will be counted as  “reporting improvements”

UNIT OF MEASURE:  Percentage

Numerator: number of  households providing responses qualifying as “improvements”

Denominator: total households in sample

DISAGGREGATED BY:  Type of service: Nutrition, Livelihood, and WASH

Location: District

TYPE: Outcome

DIRECTION OF CHANGE: Higher is better

RATIONALE: The local governments’ limited capacity to respond to food insecurity is a major obstacle in addressing under nutrition and livelihoods.  Lack of resources and personnel make it difficult for government officials to engage rural communities and implement poverty interventions that could minimize food insecurity in their coverage area.

PLAN FOR DATA COLLECTION BY RING

DATA SOURCE: household survey

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION AND CONSTRUCTION: Perceptions can take a while to form and may not be readily obvious or detected in early program years

  • LEVEL OF COLLECTION:  Activity level; those affected by scope of USG activity
  • HOW SHOULD IT BE COLLECTED:  Household survey

FREQUENCY OF COLLECTION: Every 2 years

WHO COLLECTS DATA FOR THIS INDICATOR:  RING staff or consultant/survey firm

DATA QUALITY ISSUES

Dates of Previous Data Quality Assessments  and name of reviewer: 

Date of Future Data Quality Assessments (optional): 

Known Data Limitations:

TARGETS AND BASELINE

Baseline timeframe (optional):   

Rationale for Targets (optional): 

CHANGES TO INDICATOR

Changes to indicator: 

Other Notes (optional):

THIS SHEET LAST UPDATED ON: